THE DEVELOPMENTAL DOMAINS
For a holistic and all round development of the children, the curriculum is based on these domains.
- Physical development is about the mastery of the child over a variety of bodily skills.
- Gross motor skills refer to whole body and limb movements, balance and coordination.
- Fine motor skills refer to manipulative skills that need the use of hands, fingers and coordination between eye and hand.
- Children learn about the world around them by using their five senses. While playing, they see, hear, touch, taste, smell and move.
- Cognitive development is concerned with how children think, reason and form concepts.
- Children understand through concrete sensory and motor experiences, from which they form concepts.
- This refers to a child’s feelings towards objects, persons and situations.
- Children show a wide array of feelings: like positive and negative, such as fear, anger, jealousy, joy, pleasure, delight, love and curiosity.
- The children’s sense of identity as a person creates self confidence.
- Language allows children both to understand and express thoughts, to communicate needs, show feelings and ultimately to reason.
- Children learn language through an active process of listening, speaking and interacting with others.
Social and Personal development
- Social development refers to learning how to get along and cooperate with others and live together harmoniously in a group.
- The child gradually learns to behave according to the norms of his/her own group and develops healthy social attitudes and values and good habits and behaviour.
- Personal development makes the children interact effectively and develop positive attitudes.